Country Overshoot Days

COVID-19 IMPACT
We have received many inquiries about the coronavirus pandemic’s impact on each country’s Ecological Footprint and Overshoot Day. It is too challenging to tell with a reasonable degree of confidence as events are still unfolding rather unpredictably and data on these significant changes are still being collected. For more information on how to “now-cast” countries’ Ecological Footprints to the present, see the box on the right.

A country’s overshoot day is the date on which Earth Overshoot Day would fall if all of humanity consumed like the people in this country.

We determine the country overshoot days in 2022 using the 2022 edition of the National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts, which features Ecological Footprint and biocapacity data from 1961 to the latest data-year of 2018. Typically, there is a three to four-year lag between the latest data-year and the present due to the UN’s reporting process.

Let’s take Switzerland’s 2022 overshoot day, for example, using the 2022 edition (with data for 2018):

  • The Ecological Footprint for Switzerland is 4.35 gha per person (in 2018)
  • Global biocapacity is 1.6 gha per person (in 2018)

Therefore, it would take (4.35/ 1.6) = 2.75 Earths if everyone lived like the Swiss,
OR
we can determine Switzerland’s overshoot day as 365 * (1.6/4.35) = 133rd day in the year. The 133rd day of 2022 is the 13th of May, Switzerland’s Overshoot Day.

Not all countries will have an overshoot day. By way of the country overshoot equation above, a country will only have an overshoot day if their Ecological Footprint per person is greater than global biocapacity per person (1.6 gha). Countries whose Ecological Footprint per person are less than global biocapacity per person (1.6 gha) and do not have an overshoot day are listed as “none” in our list below. In leap years, we compare the date against 366 days of the year, rather than the usual 365.

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Now-Casting Country Footprints

Estimating today’s Ecological Footprint of a country, which is called “now-casting,” can be useful for policy analysts and decision-makers. This is done by integrating the more recent UN data and applying updated data points from other sources. Now-casts can provide a business-as-usual estimate based on a combination of historic trends and recent data, but are not biophysical accounts based on reported data, and therefore must be treated with the same caution as a forecasting model. We undertake projects for which this approach is appropriate through partnerships, as we did for WWF France in 2018. Please reach out to us if you are interested in commissioning such an analysis. Typically, the assessment takes a few weeks.

Click table header to sort

Country Overshoot Day
Afghanistan none
Albania 11/3/2022
Algeria 9/4/2022
Angola none
Antigua and Barbuda 5/5/2022
Argentina 6/24/2022
Armenia 10/31/2022
Aruba 5/11/2022
Australia 3/23/2022
Austria 4/6/2022
Azerbaijan 10/8/2022
Bahamas 5/15/2022
Bahrain 3/12/2022
Bangladesh none
Barbados 5/26/2022
Belarus 5/12/2022
Belgium 3/26/2022
Belize 3/15/2022
Benin 12/26/2022
Bermuda 4/21/2022
Bhutan 4/22/2022
Bolivia 7/5/2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5/29/2022
Botswana 9/1/2022
Brazil 8/12/2022
British Virgin Islands 9/1/2022
Brunei Darussalam 4/17/2022
Bulgaria 6/9/2022
Burkina Faso none
Burundi none
Cabo Verde 11/11/2022
Cambodia none
Cameroon none
Canada 3/13/2022
Cayman Islands 7/9/2022
Central African Republic none
Chad 12/16/2022
Chile 5/15/2022
China 6/2/2022
Colombia 11/8/2022
Comoros none
Congo none
Congo, Democratic Republic of none
Cook Islands 3/11/2022
Costa Rica 8/25/2022
Côte d'Ivoire none
Croatia 5/29/2022
Cuba 11/25/2022
Cyprus 5/31/2022
Czech Republic 4/12/2022
Denmark 3/28/2022
Djibouti 8/25/2022
Dominica 8/23/2022
Dominican Republic 11/23/2022
Ecuador 12/6/2022
Egypt 11/11/2022
El Salvador 10/12/2022
Equatorial Guinea 10/13/2022
Eritrea none
Estonia 3/14/2022
Eswatini 8/23/2022
Ethiopia none
Fiji 8/5/2022
Finland 3/31/2022
France* 5/5/2022
French Guiana 11/4/2022
French Polynesia 5/25/2022
Gabon 10/23/2022
Gambia none
Georgia 9/7/2022
Germany 5/4/2022
Ghana 10/16/2022
Greece 5/21/2022
Grenada 8/16/2022
Guadeloupe 6/9/2022
Guatemala 11/14/2022
Guinea 11/10/2022
Guinea-Bissau none
Guyana 6/19/2022
Haiti none
Honduras none
Hungary 5/30/2022
India none
Indonesia 12/3/2022
Iran, Islamic Republic of 6/27/2022
Iraq 11/24/2022
Ireland 4/21/2022
Israel 5/4/2022
Italy 5/15/2022
Jamaica 12/20/2022
Japan 5/6/2022
Jordan 11/25/2022
Kazakhstan 4/27/2022
Kenya none
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of none
Korea, Republic of 4/2/2022
Kuwait 3/15/2022
Kyrgyzstan none
Lao People's Democratic Republic 11/10/2022
Latvia 4/1/2022
Lebanon 7/14/2022
Lesotho none
Liberia none
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 6/26/2022
Lithuania 4/7/2022
Luxembourg 2/14/2022
Madagascar none
Malawi none
Malaysia 5/16/2022
Mali 12/21/2022
Malta 4/16/2022
Martinique 6/15/2022
Mauritania 8/18/2022
Mauritius 6/29/2022
Mexico 8/31/2022
Mongolia 3/21/2022
Montenegro 5/17/2022
Montserrat 5/15/2022
Morocco 11/26/2022
Mozambique none
Myanmar 12/15/2022
Namibia 8/19/2022
Nepal none
Netherlands 4/12/2022
New Zealand 4/19/2022
Nicaragua none
Niger none
Nigeria none
Norway 4/12/2022
Oman 4/2/2022
Pakistan none
Panama 7/17/2022
Papua New Guinea 12/2/2022
Paraguay 7/8/2022
Peru 9/3/2022
Philippines none
Poland 5/2/2022
Portugal 5/7/2022
Qatar 2/10/2022
Republic of Moldova 11/6/2022
Republic of North Macedonia 7/6/2022
Réunion 5/6/2022
Romania 6/11/2022
Russian Federation 4/19/2022
Rwanda none
Saint Lucia 9/13/2022
Samoa 8/6/2022
Sao Tome and Principe none
Saudi Arabia 4/27/2022
Senegal none
Serbia 7/8/2022
Sierra Leone none
Singapore 4/8/2022
Slovakia 5/3/2022
Slovenia 4/18/2022
Solomon Islands 11/23/2022
Somalia none
South Africa 6/1/2022
South Sudan 12/25/2022
Spain 5/12/2022
Sri Lanka none
State of Palestine none
Sudan none
Suriname 7/8/2022
Sweden 4/3/2022
Switzerland 5/13/2022
Syrian Arab Republic none
Tajikistan none
Tanzania, United Republic of none
Thailand 9/3/2022
Timor-Leste none
Togo none
Tonga 7/17/2022
Trinidad and Tobago 3/19/2022
Tunisia 10/13/2022
Turkey 6/22/2022
Turkmenistan 4/28/2022
Uganda none
Ukraine 8/27/2022
United Arab Emirates 3/13/2022
United Kingdom 5/19/2022
United States of America 3/13/2022
Uzbekistan 10/11/2022
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 8/30/2022
Viet Nam 9/12/2022
Yemen none
Zambia none
Zimbabwe none

*France Overshoot Day updated April 20, 2022 based on nowcasted data. See overshootday.org/france.