Country Overshoot Days

COVID-19 IMPACT
We have received many inquiries about the coronavirus pandemic’s impact on each country’s Ecological Footprint and Overshoot Day. It is too challenging to tell with a reasonable degree of confidence as events are still unfolding rather unpredictably and data on these significant changes are still being collected. For more information on how to “now-cast” countries’ Ecological Footprints to the present, see the box on the right.

A country’s overshoot day is the date on which Earth Overshoot Day would fall if all of humanity consumed like the people in this country.

We determine the country overshoot days in 2022 using the 2022 edition of the National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts, which features Ecological Footprint and biocapacity data from 1961 to the latest data-year of 2018. Typically, there is a three to four-year lag between the latest data-year and the present due to the UN’s reporting process.

Let’s take Switzerland’s 2022 overshoot day, for example, using the 2022 edition (with data for 2018):

  • The Ecological Footprint for Switzerland is 4.35 gha per person (in 2018)
  • Global biocapacity is 1.6 gha per person (in 2018)

Therefore, it would take (4.35/ 1.6) = 2.75 Earths if everyone lived like the Swiss,
OR
we can determine Switzerland’s overshoot day as 365 * (1.6/4.35) = 133rd day in the year. The 133rd day of 2022 is the 13th of May, Switzerland’s Overshoot Day.

Not all countries will have an overshoot day. By way of the country overshoot equation above, a country will only have an overshoot day if their Ecological Footprint per person is greater than global biocapacity per person (1.6 gha). Countries whose Ecological Footprint per person are less than global biocapacity per person (1.6 gha) and do not have an overshoot day are listed as “none” in our list below. In leap years, we compare the date against 366 days of the year, rather than the usual 365.

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Now-Casting Country Footprints

Estimating today’s Ecological Footprint of a country, which is called “now-casting,” can be useful for policy analysts and decision-makers. This is done by integrating the more recent UN data and applying updated data points from other sources. Now-casts can provide a business-as-usual estimate based on a combination of historic trends and recent data, but are not biophysical accounts based on reported data, and therefore must be treated with the same caution as a forecasting model. We undertake projects for which this approach is appropriate through partnerships, as we did for WWF France in 2018. Please reach out to us if you are interested in commissioning such an analysis. Typically, the assessment takes a few weeks.

Country Overshoot Day
Afghanistan none
Albania November 3, 2022
Algeria September 4, 2022
Angola none
Antigua and Barbuda May 5, 2022
Argentina June 24, 2022
Armenia October 31, 2022
Aruba May 11, 2022
Australia March 23, 2022
Austria April 6, 2022
Azerbaijan October 8, 2022
Bahamas May 15, 2022
Bahrain March 12, 2022
Bangladesh none
Barbados May 26, 2022
Belarus May 12, 2022
Belgium March 26, 2022
Belize March 15, 2022
Benin December 26, 2022
Bermuda April 21, 2022
Bhutan April 22, 2022
Bolivia July 5, 2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina May 29, 2022
Botswana September 1, 2022
Brazil August 12, 2022
British Virgin Islands September 1, 2022
Brunei Darussalam April 17, 2022
Bulgaria June 9, 2022
Burkina Faso none
Burundi none
Cabo Verde November 11, 2022
Cambodia none
Cameroon none
Canada March 13, 2022
Cayman Islands July 9, 2022
Central African Republic none
Chad December 16, 2022
Chile May 15, 2022
China June 2, 2022
Colombia November 8, 2022
Comoros none
Congo none
Congo, Democratic Republic of none
Cook Islands March 11, 2022
Costa Rica August 25, 2022
Côte d'Ivoire none
Croatia May 29, 2022
Cuba November 25, 2022
Cyprus May 31, 2022
Czech Republic April 12, 2022
Denmark March 28, 2022
Djibouti August 25, 2022
Dominica August 23, 2022
Dominican Republic November 23, 2022
Ecuador December 6, 2022
Egypt November 11, 2022
El Salvador October 12, 2022
Equatorial Guinea October 13, 2022
Eritrea none
Estonia March 14, 2022
Eswatini August 23, 2022
Ethiopia none
Fiji August 5, 2022
Finland March 31, 2022
France May 11, 2022
French Guiana November 4, 2022
French Polynesia May 25, 2022
Gabon October 23, 2022
Gambia none
Georgia September 7, 2022
Germany May 4, 2022
Ghana October 16, 2022
Greece May 21, 2022
Grenada August 16, 2022
Guadeloupe June 9, 2022
Guatemala November 14, 2022
Guinea November 10, 2022
Guinea-Bissau none
Guyana June 19, 2022
Haiti none
Honduras none
Hungary May 30, 2022
India none
Indonesia December 3, 2022
Iran, Islamic Republic of June 27, 2022
Iraq November 24, 2022
Ireland April 21, 2022
Israel May 4, 2022
Italy May 15, 2022
Jamaica December 20, 2022
Japan May 6, 2022
Jordan November 25, 2022
Kazakhstan April 27, 2022
Kenya none
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of none
Korea, Republic of April 2, 2022
Kuwait March 15, 2022
Kyrgyzstan none
Lao People's Democratic Republic November 10, 2022
Latvia April 1, 2022
Lebanon July 14, 2022
Lesotho none
Liberia none
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya June 26, 2022
Lithuania April 7, 2022
Luxembourg February 14, 2022
Madagascar none
Malawi none
Malaysia May 16, 2022
Mali December 21, 2022
Malta April 16, 2022
Martinique June 15, 2022
Mauritania August 18, 2022
Mauritius June 29, 2022
Mexico August 31, 2022
Mongolia March 21, 2022
Montenegro May 17, 2022
Montserrat May 15, 2022
Morocco November 26, 2022
Mozambique none
Myanmar December 15, 2022
Namibia August 19, 2022
Nepal none
Netherlands April 12, 2022
New Zealand April 19, 2022
Nicaragua none
Niger none
Nigeria none
Norway April 12, 2022
Oman April 2, 2022
Pakistan none
Panama July 17, 2022
Papua New Guinea December 2, 2022
Paraguay July 8, 2022
Peru September 3, 2022
Philippines none
Poland May 2, 2022
Portugal May 7, 2022
Qatar February 10, 2022
Republic of Moldova November 6, 2022
Republic of North Macedonia July 6, 2022
Réunion May 6, 2022
Romania June 11, 2022
Russian Federation April 19, 2022
Rwanda none
Saint Lucia September 13, 2022
Samoa August 6, 2022
Sao Tome and Principe none
Saudi Arabia April 27, 2022
Senegal none
Serbia July 8, 2022
Sierra Leone none
Singapore April 8, 2022
Slovakia May 3, 2022
Slovenia April 18, 2022
Solomon Islands November 23, 2022
Somalia none
South Africa June 1, 2022
South Sudan December 25, 2022
Spain May 12, 2022
Sri Lanka none
State of Palestine none
Sudan none
Suriname July 8, 2022
Sweden April 3, 2022
Switzerland May 13, 2022
Syrian Arab Republic none
Tajikistan none
Tanzania, United Republic of none
Thailand September 3, 2022
Timor-Leste none
Togo none
Tonga July 17, 2022
Trinidad and Tobago March 19, 2022
Tunisia October 13, 2022
Turkey June 22, 2022
Turkmenistan April 28, 2022
Uganda none
Ukraine August 27, 2022
United Arab Emirates March 13, 2022
United Kingdom May 19, 2022
United States of America March 13, 2022
Uzbekistan October 11, 2022
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of August 30, 2022
Viet Nam September 12, 2022
Yemen none
Zambia none
Zimbabwe none